My name is Sandy Foukarakis and I’m a Physician Assistant (PA) with NorthEast Spine and Sports Medicine and an adjunct Professor of Anatomy & Physiology at Georgian Court University. Prior to becoming a PA, I studied exercise physiology and worked as a personal trainer and group exercise instructor. Aside from my career in medicine, I enjoy helping people learn how to exercise correctly and efficiently to target their goals. Over a few articles, I will be sharing some tips to help introduce you to effective strategies for starting an exercise regimen.
What are menisci in the knee? These are a pair of complex tissue located between the thigh bone (femur) and the shin bone (tibia). This tissue is shaped like a letter “C”, and their purpose is to reduce the compressive load that the cartilage must endure.
In young people, sports (such as basketball, football, soccer and skiing ) are the most common cause of meniscal injuries.
Symptoms of injury include:
- locking of the knee
- pain along the joint line
Before the basketball season gets underway, let’s review a common cause of knee pain in athletes. Jumper’s knee is also known as patellar tendinitis. A typical presentation is as follows:
- Gradual onset of pain in the front of the knee, just below the knee cap
- Pain worse after running or jumping
- In adolescents, it may occur along with a bony bump over the attachment point of the tendon
Here is a sobering statistic: Prescription opioids played a role in more than 16,235 deaths in the USA in 2013.
Notice there are a few key points in that statement.
1. Opioids – What are “opioids”? These include drugs such as oxycodone/Roxicodone, Percocet, Vicodin/hydrocodone, Opana, Morphine, Dilaudid, Demerol, and Fentanyl.
2. Prescription – that means that a doctor wrote a prescription for someone, so these data are not to be lumped together with illegal opioids such as heroin.
Sometimes medicines intended for a patient are stolen, and sometimes medications intended for aid become an addiction, but nevertheless, the important point is that we are talking about medications which are legal.
3. 16,000 deaths.
A common frustrating condition for patients is pain in the buttock region, which has several common and some less common causes. More common causes would be pain referred from the low back called the lumbar spine. Many people believe any pain radiating to the buttock is from a herniated disc, but that is not always the case.
The term “rotator cuff” pain means different things to many people. The rotator cuff contains a group of tendons that surround the top of the arm bone called the humerus. These tendons can become partially or fully torn, both of which can lead to pain and weakness.
For parents of youth pitchers we would like to bring increased awareness of throwing injuries that are preventable with proper pitch counts as well as education. There is no magic number of pitches for every individual athlete, although there are guidelines that can be found on the Little League Baseball Regulations website. More importantly, let’s review a few key points.
Did you know that the word ‘sciatica’, does not necessarily refer to a specific medical condition? Rather, it is an expression used to describe pain radiating down the leg. So where does the pain come from? The main places it could be originating from are the nerves in the low back called “lumbar nerve roots” or the sciatic nerve itself which is a peripheral nerve that lives below the back beginning in the buttock area.
Spinal cord stimulation has been a successful treatment within the realm of electrodiagnostic medicine for quite some time. The best part about it is that you get to “test drive” an external version of the device to ensure that this is the proper treatment for you.
Listed below are some common questions we often get asked about spinal cord stimulator trials, along with our answers. Click on the question titles below to learn more.