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Important Nerves in the Body and What They Do

There are over 7 trillion nerves in the human body. The nervous system is a very intricate grouping of nerves and cells (neurons) that sends messages throughout the body. The central nervous system is comprised of the brain and spinal cord. While all nerves are important, there are two sets of nerves that are the most important in the body: cranial and spinal.

Cranial Nerves

There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves that reach from the inferior side of the brain. When looking at this chart, you will see that the nerves are acknowledged by a Roman numeral based on its position along the anterior-posterior axis of the brain. Here are the 12 cranial nerves and what they do:

Cranial Nerves Chart

  1. Olfactory – Contributes to sense of smell.
  2. Optic – Transforms visions from your eye to your brain.
  3. Oculomoter – Functions include operating eye muscles, superiorly uplifting eyelid and rotating eyeball.
  4. Trochlear – Handles the muscles of the eye and how the eye turns.
  5. Trigeminal – Performs sensory functions for the nose, eyes, tongue and teeth.
  6. Abducent – Makes the eye turn laterally.
  7. Facial – Controls different facial expressions, senses of the tongue and touches on the face.
  8. Vestibulocochlear – Helps you balance your head and delivers sounds and hearing to the brain.
  9. Glossopharyngeal – Sends information from the pharynx, tongue and palate about temperature and pressure. Also aids the swallowing function.
  10.  Vagus – Contributes to the ability to taste and constricts the muscles of the pharynx, larynx, esophagus, trachea, bronchi and heart.
  11.  Spinal Accessory Nerve – Muscle movement of the shoulders, neck, spinal cord and muscles.
  12.  Hypoglossal – muscles of the tongue.

Spinal Nerves

There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves that are for both sensory and motor signals. Spinal nerves are split into five groups: eight pairs of cervical nerves, 12 pairs of thoracic nerves, five pairs of lumbar nerves, five pairs of sacral nerves and one pair of coccygeal nerves. For a full list of the function of the spinal nerves, please refer to this chart:

Spinal Nerves Chart

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If you’re looking for a multi-specialty medical group that offers interventional pain management, sports medicine, chiropractic care, acupuncture therapy, and orthopedic surgery, look no further than NorthEast Spine & Sports Medicine.

We have six offices and one ambulatory surgery center (ASC) located in and around Monmouth County, NJ and Ocean County, NJ, and we have many patients that visit us from the following towns:

  • Jackson, NJ
  • Point Pleasant, NJ
  • Barnegat, NJ
  • Brick, NJ
  • Lakewood, NJ
  • Manchester, NJ
  • Aberdeen, NJ
  • Marlboro, NJ
  • Freehold, NJ
  • Monroe, NJ
  • Glassboro, NJ
  • Any many others

Since the beginning, our doctors and staff have been committed to treating patients who suffer from several different types of painful spine, joint, and orthopedic conditions. Furthermore, our goal is not only to reduce pain through physical rehabilitation, therapy, or any of our procedures and treatment options, but to help all of our patients have their functionality and quality of life restored.

Doctors with Superior Medical Knowledge and Compassion

One of the many benefits of choosing NorthEast Spine & Sports Medicine is that we only use the most innovative and modern treatment options and procedures. Furthermore, every service and treatment option we offer is available at each of our six offices. Therefore, you should expect to receive the treatment you need whether you visit our office in Jackson, NJ, Point Pleasant, NJ, Barnegat, NJ, Manchester, NJ, Aberdeen, NJ or Tinton Falls, NJ. Furthermore, when patients come to one of our offices, they are always greeted with smiles and treated with kindness.

Every member of a team is respectful and empathetic, and will go to great lengths to ensure your pain management needs are addressed. Another reason to choose our medical practice is because our team makes it one of their highest priorities to stay at the forefront of medical research so that they’re offering the best care possible. Lastly, our physicians and staff also make certain that patients have the knowledge they need to help them live pain-free lives.

Comprehensive and Customized Care Provided by NorthEast Spine & Sports Medicine

While some patients may only require one service and/or treatment option and procedure, others may require customized care plans to help them get back on their feet. After your initial evaluation, your physician will create a custom-tailored treatment plan that they feel will offer you with the pain relief you want. In fact, you should not only expect to be recommended with a treatment plan that will help to reduce and/or eliminate your pain, but one that will aid in increasing your activity level, and reducing the amount of pain medicine you take. In the end, you will be provided with a comprehensive and customized care plan that will greatly improve the quality of your life.

Even though pain is an unavoidable part of life, it doesn’t mean you must suffer from it all throughout your lifetime. To learn more the doctors and staff at NorthEast Spine & Sports Medicine, our pain treatment options and procedures, and our locations in and around Ocean County, NJ, and Monmouth County, NJ, please browse our site. To make an appointment, please don’t hesitate to do so online, or give one of the offices closest to your home in Brick, NJ, Lakewood, NJ, Marlboro, NJ, Freehold, NJ, Glassboro, NJ, or another area a call today.